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Friday, March 1, 2024

Pollution Lockdown

India’s SC orders work from home over pollution lockdown in the capital.  India’s Supreme Court told authorities on Monday to shut offices in the capital and nearby cities, allowing missions to work from home as officials seek ways to reduce hazardous air pollution that led to the closure of schools.

New Delhi situation

Its action came after city authorities in New Delhi, which has been battling a toxic haze since early November, took emergency measures on Saturday, ordering the closure of schools and building work for four days.

We direct the center and states of the national capital region to impose work from home for the meantime, said Chief Justice N.V Ramana, head of a penal of three Judges considering a petition by a city resident.
The court also sought urgent steps to rein in crop waste fires in the neighboring states of Haryana, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh, set by hundreds of thousands of farmers looking to clear fields for a new sowing season.

We want action on the issue, said Justice Surya Kant. Although the court did not set a deadline for the action by authorities, it will next take up the issue of pollution on Wednesday.
India’s effort to reduce the burning of crop waste, a major source of air pollution during winter has had little benefit despite its expenditure of billions of rupees over the past four years on a scale of 500 in Delhi on Monday, a sign of “very poor” conditions that can cause respiratory illness on prolonged exposure.
The capital experienced serve conditions late week as temperatures dropped and the index reached 499. The Supreme Court also ordered to halt of vehicle traffic that is not essential, to cut industrial pollution and climate dust.

Contributors to the poor air quality in Delhi often ranked the world’s most polluted capital, include coal-fired plants outside the city as well as the burning of garbage in the open.
The Delhi government pushed back on Monday against a call by India’s top court to declare a “Pollution Lockdown” as children stayed away from school for a week because of dangerous smog levels. Air quality in Delhi- among the world’s most polluted cities- regularly plummets to the “severe category” in winter with levels of harmful particulates at dangerous levels.

In a submission to the court on Monday, the city government said that such a step would only be meaningful if states surrounding Delhi are also included.
One of the contributors to the smog that hangs over the city in winter is smoke from farmers burning their crop residue in neighboring states cities like Noida and Ghaziabad which are home to missions of people. Given Delhi’s compact size, a lockdown would have a limited impact on the air quality regime. Delhi government said.

Now coming to the cities situation of Pakistan, Lahore is the world’s No.1 most populated city in the world and Karachi is at 6th number for continuous many days.

                 The reason is the same including coal-fired plants, heavy transport, burning of garbage in an open place, etc. The situation is also the same and worse in Pakistan.
A similar order has been passed by the Lahore High Court, Lahore directing the authorities to reduce the staff to 50% carrying work from home and take serious steps against pollution.


The situation in China is also worse and similar which is an alarming situation. Fog and smog are big problems in the South Asia region especially. Pakistan is also taking serious steps towards fog and smog in the winter season which is causing big problems to its whole system which remains continues for the whole winter season.

Countries like Pakistan, India, and China should take very serious steps against large-scale fog, smog, and air pollution. The air quality index of these countries is showing a worse position.

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